The Ancien Régime. April 11: The Convention restores civic rights to all citizens declared outside the law since May 31, 1793. June 15: The Assembly forbids priests to wear ecclesiastical robes outside churches. October 11: French fleet and expeditionary force defeated off coast of Ireland; six of eight warships captured. December 10: The legislature votes a forced loan of six hundred million francs to be taken from the wealthiest French citizens. July 23: Robespierre attends a meeting of reconciliation with the members of the Committees of Public Safety and General Security, and the dispute seems settled. July 14: At a celebration of the anniversary of the Revolution, General Jourdan calls "bringing back the pikes", the weapons of the Jacobin street mobs during the Terror. v3.0. August 31: The Constitution Committee of the Assembly proposes a two-house parliament and a royal right of veto. July 27: Robespierre elected to the Committee of Public Safety. September 18: Convention re-establishes revolutionary government in Bordeaux. The Convention first votes to publish the speech, but Billaud-Varenne and Cambon demand names and attack Robespierre. They are replaced by two moderate leftists. The British admiral, August 29: Pope Pius VI dies, a French prisoner, in. August 16: The treasury suspends payments on the debts of the government. The French Revolution May 31: The Convention abolishes the Revolutionary Tribunal. August 22: Robespierre is elected the president of the Convention. June 2: The sans-culottes and soldiers of the Paris Commune, led by. The, April 1: The Convention orders the deportation to, April 2: The French army under Pichegru suppresses an armed uprising in the, April 5: Signature of a peace agreement between. Bordeaux. What is wrong with the account of the storming of the Bastille? July 16: Conflict within the Directory between Barthélemy and Carnot, favorable to the monarchists, and the three pro-republican directors, Barras, La Révellière-Lépeaux, and Rewbell. August 23: Bonaparte has had no news from France in six months. King Louis XVI was executed on January 21 1793. August 26 - The National Assembly adopts the Declaration of the Rights of man and of the Citizen. In the six weeks that followed some 1,400 people who were considered potential enemies to the Republic were executed in Paris. January 22: Paris municipal police try to arrest Marat for his violent attacks on the government, but he is defended by a crowd of. September 29: The Russian army under Suvorov is forced to retreat across the Alps. October 6: After an orderly march, a crowd of women invade the Palace. August 14: Lafayette tries unsuccessfully to persuade his army to march on Paris to rescue the royal family. May 5: The Assembly orders the raising of thirty-one new battalions for the army. Backed by the newly approved Constitution of 1793, Robespierre and the Committee of Public Safety began conscripting French soldiers and implementing laws to stabilize the economy. October 30: The Revolutionary Tribunal sentences the 21. August 18: The Council of Five Hundred decides, by a vote of 217–214, not to arrest and try the former members of the Directory accused of royalist sympathies. The Convention rejects a final appeal to the people. At the request of the royal household, the Swiss guards at the Tuileries are reinforced, and joined by many armed nobles. 1789 is one of the most significant dates in history – famous for the revolution in France with itsÂ cries of ‘LibertÃ©! Bonaparte then addresses the Council of Five Hundred, meeting in the. November 29: Priests are again ordered to take an oath to the government, or to be considered suspects. March 15: Robespierre tells the Convention that "All the factions must perish from the same blow.". March 28: Bonaparte tries unsuccessfully to capture Saint-Jean-d'Acre. They are presented by Pétion, the mayor of Paris. Many historians now regard the French Revolution as a turning point in the history of Europe, but also in North America where many of the same ideas influenced the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution. The National Assembly was the first revolutionary government of the French Revolution and existed from June 14th to â¦ The Coalition army of Austrian and Prussian soldiers, and of French, August 21: First summary judgement by the Revolutionary Tribunal and execution by the guillotine of a royalist, Louis Collenot d'Angremont (, August 22: The Paris Commune orders that persons henceforth be addressed as, September 2–7: Following the news of surrender of Verdun, the Commune orders. Use of this snapshot covers National Curriculum requirements for History in relation to general requirements (2a), together with breadth of study requirements to examine a European study before 1914 (11). July 17: The army of Hoche arrives within three, July 20: Barras produces evidence that General Pichegru was in secret correspondence with, July 25: The Councils vote a law forbidding political clubs, including the republican. April 7: After a series of victories by Bonaparte, the Austrians agree to negotiate. A large majority of French clergymen refuse to take the oath. In all, 106 Robespierrists are guillotined. December 24: The Councils, now firmly under the control of Bonaparte, adopt the, Cobban, Alfred. July 21: The royalist army in Quiberon surrenders. June 28: Lafayette speaks to the Assembly, denouncing the actions of the Jacobins and other radical groups in the Assembly. Sans-culottes invade Convention, but leave when the National Guard arrives. How many members of the royal family have fled? August 4: The Paris section Number Eighty proclaims an insurrection on August 10 if the Assembly does not remove the King. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. July 5: Two commanders with neo-Jacobin sympathies are promoted by the Directory: July 12: The Council of Five Hundred votes a new law on hostages, demands lists of royalists be made in each department, and brings accusations against former members of the Directory with royalist tendencies. October 19: The royalist forces in the west, the Chouans, capture. April 18: French elections result in a major loss for supporters of the government, and a victory for the extreme left. King Louis XVI was executed on January 21 1793. Replacing the power of the King, a ‘legislative assembly’ governed from October 1791 to September 1792, and was then replaced by the ‘National Convention’. What reasons does the ambassador suggest for the quick and easy take over of the Bastille? March 18: French voters are required to take an oath of fidelity to the government before voting on April 18. September 16: A new French expeditionary force sails from Brest to Ireland. Ghachem, Malick W. The Old Regime and the Haitian Revolution. April 9–18: Elections for one-third of the seats in the French legislature. The clergy and nobles are welcomed with formal ceremonies and processions, the Third Estate is not. Perfect prep for The French Revolution (1789â1799) quizzes and tests you might have in school. June 24: Carnot foresightedly despatched a large part of the Parisian artillery to the front. October 12: Marie-Antoinette is summoned before the Revolutionary Tribunal and charged with treason. April 10: Convention orders the disarmament of Jacobins who were involved in the Terror. However, the three estates are unable to agree on a common program. Site giving background and information about the French Revolution. August 31: The Convention puts Paris under the direct control of the national government. How have the recent events affected newspapers? February 20: Bonaparte marches his army from Cairo toward, February 20: Bonaparte defeats a Turkish army and occupies. August 29: First anti-Jacobin demonstration in Paris by disaffected young middle-class Parisians called. On a proposal from, October 12: The Convention decrees that the city of Lyon will be destroyed in punishment for its. October 17: Bonaparte is received by the Directory. The Assembly suspends his functions until further notice. April 8: Robespierre makes accusations against the Convention delegate, April 10: The members of the alleged Conspiracy of Luxembourg, a diverse collection of followers of Danton and Hébert and other individuals, are put on trial. May 25: The Third Estate deputies from Paris, delayed by election procedures, arrive in Versailles. Both are quickly suppressed by the army. December 11: Louis XVI is brought before the Convention. June 17: The Council of Five Hundred and Council of the Ancients annul the election of. The two Jacobin directors, Gohier and. The Convention rejects the motion for French voters to decide the King's fate. 205 of the 216 deputies running are defeated, and many are replaced by royalists. August 3: 47 of the 48 sections of Paris, mostly controlled by the Cordeliers and the Jacobins, send petitions to the Assembly, demanding the removal of the King. February 1: The Convention declares war against England and the. June 10: Despite the Revolution, scientific research continues. As agreed in advance, two members of the Directory who are complicit in the coup, Sieyès and Ducos, offer their resignation. May 3: The rebels of the Vendée, led by the aristocrats. June 6: Revolts against the Montagnard coup d'état in Marseille, Nîmes, and Toulouse. January 24: Breaking of diplomatic relations between England and France. August 13: Royal family imprisoned in the. What reasons are given to ‘lament’ the death of the Marquis de Launay? They force the king and queen to move back to Paris. November 4: Directory orders deportation of Belgian priests, blamed for peasant uprising. Educational article for students, schools, and teachers. According to the source, people lined the streets – how does the source describe their behaviour? Throughout the years of the revolution, there were four different revolutionary governments, including: National Assembly, Legislative Assembly, National Convention and the Directory. Locating privilege and inequality in pre-Revolutionary France What are the strengths and weaknesses of this evidence? The Republic of France was declared, and soon the King was put on trial. September 9: The forces of General Humbert are surrounded by the British army at the. January 25: The Directory is given the provisional power to name the administrators of cities. The split dates to the summer of 1789, when members of the French National Assembly met to begin drafting a constitution. When the accusations began to pile up the Convention voted the arrest of Robespierre, and of his younger brother, July 28: At two in the morning, soldiers loyal to the Convention take the. April 3: Jourdan resigns as commander of the Army of the Danube. May 22: The Assembly decides that it alone can decide issues of war and peace, but that the war cannot be declared without the proposition and sanction by the King. Although his guilt was never an issue, there was a real debate in the Convention on whether the king should be killed. January 18: The legislature authorizes French ships to seize neutral ships carrying British merchandise. At the suggestion of Dr. June 21: The Royal Council rejects the financial program of Minister Necker. What evidence is there that the population of Paris were worried? The Assembly votes to abolish the privileges and feudal rights of the nobility. June 9–11: Bonaparte invades and captures, July 1–2: Bonaparte lands in Egypt and captures. January 26: The Directory authorizes French troops to intervene on behalf of the Swiss uprising in Vaud against the Swiss government. November 19: Treaty of London between the United States and England calls for joint suppression of French. October 1: First session of the new national, October 16: Riots against the revolutionary commune, or city government, in. April 24: Marat is brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal, and is acquitted of all charges. April 5: Danton and Desmoulins are convicted and guillotined the same day. May 22: The nobility renounces its special tax privileges. June 3: Uprising of biracial residents of the French colony of. February 13: The Assembly forbids the taking of religious vows and suppresses the contemplative religious orders. June 22: End of the civil war in the west of France, with the submission of, August 5: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians under, September 8: Bonaparte defeats the Austrians under Wurmser at the, September 9: Failed insurrection at the Grenelle army camp Paris by followers of Gracchus Babeuf, and diehard. June 17: Suicide of six deputies condemned to death for participation in the May 20–22 uprising. August 24: The Assembly proclaims freedom of speech. June 21–22: The King is recognized at Varennes. Looking at primary source material from 1789, including a London newspaper report, together with both official and personal letters sent from Paris, you will be asked to assess and investigate the reaction. April 15: A report to the Convention by Saint-Just calls from greater centralization of the police under the control of the Committee for Public Safety. July 28: The Assembly refuses to allow Austrian troops to cross French territory to suppress an uprising in Belgium, inspired by the French Revolution. September 18: The Convention stops paying officially sanctioned priests and stops maintaining church properties. Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. September 21: The remains of Marat are placed in the Panthéon. Test your knowledge on all of The French Revolution (1789â1799). This collection of French Revolution documents and primary sources has been selected and compiled by Alpha History authors. June 19: By a vote of 149 to 137, the deputies of the clergy join the assembly of the Third Estate. April 4: The Convention decrees that anyone who insults the justice system is excluded from speaking, barring Danton from defending himself. General Pichegru, leader of the royalist party, The French Army under General Berthier enters Rome (February 10, 1798), General Bonaparte at the Battle of the Pyramids (July 21, 1798), The French fleet is defeated by Admiral Nelson at the Battle of the Nile (August 1, 1798), General Bonaparte visits a plague hospital in Jaffa (March 31, 1799). Why does the ambassador have little to report? What made the French Revolution so radical was its insistence on the universality of its ideals. March 2: The Directory authorizes French warships to capture U.S. ships, in retaliation for the British-US treaty of February 20, 1796. December 3: The Convention forms a committee of sixteen members to complete work on the Constitution of 1793. May 26: At the Jacobin Club, Robespierre and Marat call for an insurrection against the Convention. What evidence in the source suggests further trouble could easily break out? January 17: In a vote lasting twenty-one hours, 361 deputies vote for the death penalty, and 360 against (including 26 for a death penalty followed by a pardon). January 2: Creation by the Directory of the Ministry of the Police, under. January 24: King Louis XVI convokes elections for delegates to the Estates-General, April 27: Riots in Paris by workers of the. Similar committees and local militias are formed in, July 17: The King visits Paris, where he is welcomed at the, July 21-August 1: Riots and peasant revolts in. June 11: Louis XVI vetoes the laws on the deportation of priests and the formation of a new army outside Paris. February 24: Constitutional bishops, who have taken an oath to the State, replace the former Church hierarchy. November 23–24: Directory, desperate for money, imposes new real estate tax and additional taxes based on number of doors and windows. He is denounced by, July 11: As the Austrian army advances slowly toward Paris, the Assembly declares that the Nation is in danger (. December 28: Anti-French riots in Rome, and murder of a French general. The National Assembly takes charge of the public treasury. April 4: Following the French model, the new Helvetic Republic declares itself a secular republic. I mean, look at Article 6 of the Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen: âLaw is the expression of the general will. July 1: Robespierre speaks at the Jacobin Club, denouncing a conspiracy against him within the Convention, the Committee of Public Safety, and the Committee of General Security. Bonaparte refuses. August 16: The Assembly establishes positions of. October 5: Marat's newspaper demands a march on Versailles to protest the insult to the. June 20: A secret insurrectionary committee, supported by the. Kids learn about the history of the French Revolution including causes, major events, Reign of Terror, National Assembly, symbols, famous people, Storming of the Bastille, and facts. December 24: The Assembly decrees that Protestants are eligible to hold public office; Jews are still excluded. FraternitÃ©!’ that led to the removal of the French upper classes. May 19: An English fleet lands soldiers at. August 16: The Assembly calls for the re-establishment of discipline in the army. Look at Source 2. May 15: Law passed that allows for the redemption of manorial dues. April 1: Bonaparte fails again to take Saint-Jean-d'Acre. March 25: Defeat of Jourdan by Austrians at. August 27: General Humbert defeats a British force at the, September 2: Suppression of a royalist revolt in the south of the. March 5: The Directory approves Bonaparte's plan to invade Egypt. After a few minutes, Tallien interrupted him and began the attack. September 11: The National Assembly gives the King the power to temporarily veto laws for two legislative sessions. April 2: Trial of Danton before the Revolutionary Tribunal. September 29: Directory instructs Bonaparte to win major concessions in negotiations with Austria, and, in the event of refusal, to march on, October 17: Signature of peace between Austria and France in the, December 21: Bonaparte meets with the Irish leader. The royalist Pichegru is chosen president of the Council of Five Hundred, and another royalist, May 20: A drawing of lots removes the moderate republican, June 14: Bonaparte installs a new government in, June 24: The Director Paul Barras contacts General Hoche, seeking support for a, June 27: The royalist majority in the Councils repeals the law of October 25, 1795, which added punishments against refractory priests and. A majority of clerical members of the Assembly refuse to take the oath. March 25: Diplomatic relations broken between France and the Vatican. April 9: Beginning of legislative elections in France to replace one-third of members. The following is a timeline of the French Revolution. May 20: The clergy renounces its special tax privileges, and accepts the principle of fiscal equality. November 1: Bonaparte meets with Sieyès; the two men dislike each other, but agree to a parliamentary coup d'état to replace the Directory. A third, Barras, is talked into resigning by Talleyrand. August 28: The Assembly debates giving the King the power to veto legislation. How pleased were people with the King’s promises? June 12: Without naming names, Robespierre announces to the Convention that he will demand the heads of "intriguers" who are plotting against the Convention. January 18: Marat publishes a fierce attack on finance minister Necker. May 7: A report to the Council of Five Hundred declares that the French elections were irregular, and recommends exclusion of candidates of the far left. November 25: The Legislative Assembly creates a Committee of Surveillance to oversee the government. July 15: National Assembly declares the king inviolable, and cannot be put on trial. June 19: Another reversal in Italy: the French garrison of Naples surrenders. The National Convention responded by declaring war on England on February 1st. June 28: The Council votes to demand a forced loan of one hundred million francs from wealthy citizens to equip new armies. January 13: Arrest of Fabre d'Églantine for alleged diversion of state funds. Serious revolution, leading to real danger for Britain, A Paris-based revolt that the King was forced to agree to, Minor disturbances, of no real consequence at all. On January 21, 1793, Louis XVI was marched to the guillotine. 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