What matters for virtue theory, more specifically, is the character of the agent. They are generated by our considered moral judgments and they reflect, for instance, the judgment that consequences matter; that recognition and respect for autonomous reasoning agents matter; that wisdom and judgment matter. Theories of moral development 1. Classical theories in this vein include utilitarianism, Kantianism, and some forms of contractarianism. Support your professional development and learn new teaching skills and approaches. People or entities that are […] Morals are the prevailing standards of behavior that enable people to live cooperatively in groups. We said that scientific theories were not ‘mere’ theories – untested, tentative, vague generalisations. was the life of a fully realized human being: a human being who demonstrated excellence in all human 5. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice aims to publish work on (meta-)ethical theories that contributes to clarifying and solving practical moral problems, as well as work that makes empirical studies of moral practices and problems relevant for ethical theorizing. Moral theories allow us to see the implications of the judgments that these (and other fundamental concerns) are each important in moral reasoning. Moral development as cognitive development (stages) Piaget (1932) Kohlberg (1963) Moral reasoning as “universal” Gender and morality Implications for educators and researchers 2. There are five types of ethical theories. Hobbes believed thatself-interest motivates all action, including moral action. The theory of deontology falls under this type of ethics because people make decisions based on their duty to those around them. Aristotle thought that the best life Ethical Theories. Sign up to our newsletter and we'll send fresh new courses and special offers direct to your inbox, once a week. These theories mainly offered the use of overarching moral principles to resolve difficult moral decisions. Here we explore two: ethics of care and particularism. Everyone starts out at the first stage and then develops morally as they mature. Three stand out as the most prominent foes or friends offeminists: Hobbes, Hume, and Kant. Virtue Theory . Thus, one of the moral theories Blunt’s character represents are those of virtue ethics, rule utilitarianism, as well as deontology. She tells us how FutureLearn helped …, Gavin is a programme manager for NHS Scotland who has been using FutureLearn to help …, Find out how Alice-Elizabeth has enjoyed using FutureLearn to improve her performance at work and …, Discover how Student Recruitment Manager, Melissa, has been using FutureLearn courses to upskill during the …. Three leading single-standard theories concern personhood, sentience, and environment.PERSONHOOD. There seem to be three components of any action: a) The person who performs the action . We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas. Likewise, the rights theory belongs in this category because the rights that society holds dear are important over any other factor. Register for free to receive relevant updates on courses and news from FutureLearn. Contemporary bioethicists divide into two camps on moral status: those who advocate a single standard and those who are eclectic. What Are Values? The U.S. psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg hypothesized that people’s development of moral standards passes through several levels. They were, instead, comprehensive, supported by large bodies of converging evidence, based on repeated observations, usually integrating and generalising hypotheses and making consistently accurate predictions across a broad area of scientific inquiry. But there are significant differences between moral theories and scientific theories. Explore tech trends, learn to code or develop your programming skills with our online IT courses from top universities. A good action Deontological theories (derived from the Greek word for duty, deon) base morality on certain duties, or obligations, and claim that certain actions are intrinsically right or wrong, that is, right or wrong in themselves, regardless of the consequences that may follow from those actions. 1. Moral Theory essaysA consequentialist moral theory is an action that is morally right if the consequences of the action is more favorable than unfavorable. 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